Module 3: Assessment
ADHD: Goals of care
Goals must be tailored to meet the individual’s needs and be appropriate for different ages and stages of development. Goals may change over time as circumstances change.
- Preschooler with temper tantrums: respond positively to desired behaviour and use ignoring and good time out techniques to respond to unwanted behaviour (e.g., 1-2-3 technique)
- School age: use lists and agendas, teacher reminders, use positive incentives
- Adult: keep items like cell phones and keys in a designated, visible location; post lists as reminders to check for necessary items each morning before leaving home
- Canadian ADHD Resource Alliance (CADDRA). (2011). CADDRA: Canadian ADHD Practice Guidelines (3rd ed.). Toronto, ON: CADDRA.
Stimulants are often prescribed to treat children, adolescents, and adults with ADHD. Prescription stimulants, however, are used among recreational drug users, street-entrenched adult drug users, and street involved youth drug users. Assessment of children, adolescents, and adults presenting with symptoms of ADHD needs to incorporate a psychosocial and family assessment and an assessment for potential drug-drug interactions.