Module 1: Professional Accountability and Prescribing

Lesson 5

Critical Appraisal of Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs):

Key components

CPGs require a separate critical appraisal tool (CAT) to best check for quality.

Some of the absolutely essential components included in any CAT which should be applied to any clinical practice guideline are

  • author’s affiliations and groups that have endorsed the guidelines;
  • conflicts of interest for those developing the guideline;
  • type of literature search to ensure inclusiveness of research in guideline development;
  • rating quality and methodology used to determine the quality of the rating scale used for a particular guideline;
  • verification that guidelines presented are clinically practical and actionable; and
  • commitment for guideline update at a designated future time.

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